A small refresher of English words, as apparently many have forgotten what the words exactly mean:
Nationality – Being a national of a country, which is based on the country you were born at. Your nationality will never change throughout your life.
Citizenship – Being a citizen of a country. Citizenship is mostly gotten based on country of birth, though some countries only award citizenship by a certain age, but can also be gotten in other ways, which include by naturalisation and by marriage, There are also more uncommon ways, which include for example by your ethnicity, this highly depends on the country though. Some countries actually even sell citizenship. Citizenship can be gotten, lost, and even taken away.
Residentship – Being a resident of a country. You are a resident when you permanently stay at a certain location, so you have settled down at a certain location. While sometimes confused with citizenship and nationality, residentship has a clear example which makes the difference clear, which is when it comes to illegals, as illegals don’t have citizenship, but are officially regarded as residents of the country they are illegally staying at. You can in fact be an illegal at the country of your own nationality, this in the case you have lost the citizenship of the country you illegally stay at.
(Nationality, Citizenship, and Residentship advantages: Citizenship generally allows getting a passport of the country which you have citizenship at, which equals advantages based on the specific country, like for example free travel to certain other countries without restriction. Citizenship often also allow you to move across borders without any restrictions, including the ability to resettle, immigrate, fast to another country if there’s ever the need. Some countries, however, base these “advantages” not on citizenship, but rather on nationality and residentship.)
Orphan – A child who has lost both parents through death. A child who has lost only one parent, or who has lost his/her parents in another way then death, is not regarded an orphan.
Foundling – A child who lost one or both parents through abandonment. A foundling could be at the same time an orphan.
Ragamuffin – A poorly clothed child. Can also be used for adults, but is generally regarded to name children.
Waif – A homeless child. Generally those who are a “Waif” are also a Foundling.
Street child – A child living at the street. Difference with “Waif” is the fact that a street child has not to be actually homeless. The most well known example when it comes to this difference are children who are neglected (even more) at orphanages and children’s homes and those who run away from their parents at home.
Urchin – A mischievous roguish child. Generally an Urchin is also a Ragamuffin.
Orphanage – A home for orphans. Officially only for orphans, though this word is quite often incorrectly used.
Children’s home – A home for children, both for orphans and foundlings.
(It is important to note that the word “Orphan” is actually a very restricted term, and actually a huge amount of times incorrectly used. The same in that regards is when it comes to orphanages, as at orphanages only orphans live, if there live also foundlings, we are always talking about children’s homes, not orphanages. While some are trying to make the term “orphan” more open, and make it count also for those who not have lost both their parents, and not only for those who lost their parents through death, the correct term remains foundling at that time, not orphan.
In regards to that, the same actually counts to the word “Street Child”, yet, a little bit differently than which is said as above, as people are actually restricting the word “Street child” too much, as a street child doesn’t have to actually be homeless, we are talking about a “waif” in that case, also a street child doesn’t have to be doing anything bad, we are talking more specifically about an “Urchin” in that case.)
Why do these problems regarding terminology actually exist?
Well, quite simple, 2 reasons, the first being the attempts to make languages more open to everyone, and the second is actually laziness of people, and wanting to think less…
Owner of this blog. Ukrainian-born Jew of Polish and Russian descent and of Crimean Karaite heritage. Currently living in Poland. Generally impartial at politics. Political syncretist. Opinionated but willing to listen to anyone’s opinion. Certified mastering of 51 languages. Works in service of Sony. Active in support of orphans, foundlings, and other children without parental care in Ukraine, Belarus, Russia, Moldova, Poland and Kazakhstan. Supporter of adoption and foster care. Mentor of 9 children. Previous foundling who now has been adopted. Diagnosed with health and mental health issues, but not disabled. Has a great love for anime, gaming, and TV series. Philanthropist. Social pedagogy graduate.